Although today there are neo-Jenkinsonians who, among other concerns, focus on theoretical specifications that guarantee the reliability and authenticity of documents in electronic recording systems, few people argue that we can avoid evaluation, either in the collection or in internal environments. Luciana Duranti is probably the most famous exception.14 The duly noted growing interest has ceased. The preservation of archives was a practical manual. It was not a practical manual for the oral cultures of Australasia and the surrounding peoples of the Asia-Pacific region. Just over 110 years after Langlois and Seignobos declared, “No documents, no history,” the conclusion “no real archives, no help” seemed to endure in the 2008 edition of Keeping Archives. It`s time to hear the criticism. The archivists of my generation were trained according to the principles set out by Sir Hilary Jenkinson of the Public Record Office in London. His key text, A Manual of Archive Administration, was the Old Testament of English archival thought and appeared in 1922 with a second edition in 1937. In style, it could be austere and dense and now looks strange with its capital of important names in the middle of the sentence and varying font sizes. Content, well. Canadian archivist Terry Eastwood wrote that “despite everything that has happened since his time, [he] remains a master.”8 In fact, Jenkinson didn`t think much about the records themselves.
Aside from the archival documents, there were “only simple documents”16, reminiscent of a phrase by Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating: “When you`re not in Sydney, you`re camping. This was, with a few exceptions, the Australian model.8 The authors suggest that some documents and archives are not the real thing, or more often casually accept that different and older cultural traditions are likely to have produced documents and archives, and then regret that further discussions are beyond scope.9 This is reinforced by the belief of Western archivists that the history of archives is linked to the Sumerians around 3000 BC begin. As Sue McKemmish noted in 2005, “orality as a form of archive has never been seriously considered in modern Western archival discourse.” 10 The denial that oral cultures (in the past or today) practiced or practiced the documents still appears in the mainstream international archival literature. Sometimes there are direct omissions, as can be seen in the statement on the opening page of the 2010 International Conference on the History of Archives and Archives website, that “human societies have created records for more than four millennia.” And sometimes there is a brief agreement, such as Elizabeth Shepherd`s, that “recently, the concept of recording has been expanded to include recordings from different cultures and traditions, including stories, oral recordings of all kinds, and other cultural objects such as dance, singing, and painting,” followed by an immediate return to more familiar reference systems.11 This fits into the long-established division, scholars make between prehistory and history, based on events and societies before the records are written.12 Maps and other documents show detailed Turkish missions at different stages of the campaign. (See below) This resource explains how to conduct research in various archives. It also addresses a number of considerations and best practices for conducting archival research. For those unfamiliar with the term, the archival record can be conceived as recorded information resulting from transactions – it occurs, of course, in the context of doing business of any kind, whether by governments, corporations, community organizations or individuals. The recording of transactions can be done on any storage medium and is increasingly becoming an electronic process.
The concept of archival documents is a commonplace in European thought, but in English-speaking countries it is often confused with documents selected to be stored in an archival institution. The lack of adequate construction to explain the processes of creating and preserving recorded information resulting from transactions with English-speaking countries creates a distracting separation within the accounting profession between the records managers who deal with current archival records and the archivists who care for our archival heritage, which includes archival records selected for permanent preservation. An understanding of the archival record, which includes current and historical records, draws attention to the continuum of processes involved in managing the recording of a transaction, from system design to destruction or conservation selection. In this approach, the documentation of a transaction is archived from the moment the record is created, and the archival document retains probative value for as long as it exists. The archival document also represents the experiences of the parties to the transaction it records. It`s more than just recorded information. Archival documents selected for permanent preservation are part of a society`s archival heritage and pass on the accumulated experience of the transactions they document to future generations. There is no field of human activity that is not fundamentally shaped by the archival storage of information, and without it, no continuous form of culture or community is possible.40 You can also call or email archival staff to receive or ask questions about preferred citation practices.
Since 2003 at the latest, international conferences on the history of archives and archives have been held regularly. Thanks to their themes and the rich mix of documents that attracted them, they provide ideas on how to write multi-level documents and the history of archives. For Australia in particular, however, there is only one example of a comprehensive study: Terry Eastwood`s comparative look at the stages of archive development and the ideas behind them.3 Another possibility is suggested by the recent flood of publications and websites – or even by the Australian Memory of the World Register – where a sample of documents could be considered for further analysis.4 But after opting for Message Sticks decided to sign and sing for chapter 16, what types of records should we choose to represent British Australia? Indentations for convicts? Security cases? Soldiers` diaries? There are too many choices.