Apartheid Laws Bantu Self Government Act

In addition, “she tried to create a hierarchy of local governments for black rural reserves. Thus, the leaders, the puny, the superior chiefs and the territorial authorities took their place in an orderly development of power in the black zones” (Christopher 1994:66). Local governments were allowed to “tax their own people (as defined by the Pretoria government), control public works, and grant licenses and commercial rights” (Lapping 1986:181). Defines the powers, functions and duties of the Commissioner General to represent the Government to each Bantu population group or authority. Defines that regulations may vary from one Bantu population to another. The apartheid government legalized blacks becoming citizens of their independent Bantustans. The Bantu Citizenship Act 1970 was passed, which allowed blacks living throughout South Africa to be legal citizens in the homeland designated for their respective ethnic groups. The law did not grant blacks South African citizenship or civil and political rights. Blacks had rights in their “country of origin,” but they were not completely independent. Other laws included the Bantu Authority Act, Act 68 of 1951, which provided for the establishment of black countries of origin and regional authorities with the aim of creating greater self-government, and Act 46 of 1959 on the Promotion of Bantu Autonomy, which separated blacks into different ethnic groups.

Each group had a commissioner general charged with developing a homeland that could govern itself independently without white intervention. The Bantu Self-Government Promotion Act 1959 (Act No. 46 of 1959) began on 19 September 1959. June; Later renamed the Black Self-Government Promotion Act of 1959, then representation between the Republic of South Africa and the Self-Government Act 1959) was an important part of South Africa`s apartheid legislation that allowed for the transformation of traditional tribal lands into “full independent states of bantustan” that would be supposed to guarantee the right to self-determination of the country`s black population. It also led to the abolition of parliamentary representation of black South Africans, a law promoted in 1970 with the passage of the Black Homeland Citizenship Act. He established “eight different `Bantu homelands` (later extended to ten) from existing reserves, each with some degree of self-government” (Worden 1994:110). The main purpose behind this law was to eventually grant independence to homelands (see bantu homelands constitution act of 1971), thus depriving blacks of their South African citizenship (thus increasing the percentage of whites in South Africa). In the 1970s, the South African government declared four of the Bantustans “independent.” These are the Transkei in 1976, the Bophuthatswana in 1977, the Venda in 1979 and the Ciskei in 1981.

The remaining Bantustans remained autonomous, but had no independent rights. The Bantustans were to become independent from South Africa. It was a strategy to expel all blacks and isolate them from South Africa. This meant that blacks had to take care of themselves in these areas. Transkei became autonomous in 1963, Tswanaland (later Bophuthatswana), Ciskei and Lebowa became autonomous in 1972, and Venda and Machangana (later Gazankulu) became autonomous in 1973. The law was developed to promote the policies of the so-called Great Apartheid, which means the permanent division of South Africa into national “countries of origin” for any so-called “people” or nation. [1] In this plan, Africans (indigenized Dutch) would control most of the territory, while the African population would be divided into eight peoples, defined by language groups, who would have separate nation-states in unilaterally demarcated areas of the white regime. Each black “nation” was then endowed with a commissar general who was entrusted with the development of its assigned homeland into a fully autonomous state. [2] Blacks were expected to exercise their political rights in these landlocked states, not in the rest of South Africa, where white supremacy would continue and African nationalism would be expressed.

Bantustans, or homelands established by the apartheid government, were areas where the majority of the black population was displaced to prevent them from living in urban areas of South Africa. The Bantustans were an important administrative mechanism for the expulsion of blacks from the South African political system under the many laws and policies created by apartheid. The idea was to separate blacks from whites and give blacks the responsibility to run their own independent governments, thus denying them the remaining protection and rights that a black person might have in South Africa. In other words, the Bantustans were established for the permanent elimination of the black population in white South Africa. Defines the amendments made to the Aboriginal Peoples Administration Act, 1927 by that Act. Our editors will review what you have submitted and decide if you want to review the article. Defines the ability of the Governor General to make regulations regarding the mandate, remuneration, attendance at meetings, etc. of a Commissioner General. Defines the right of the Minister, with the consent of the Governor General, to appoint a bantuperson to represent the type of population. This was an extension of the BANTU AUTHORITIES ACT of 1951, which defines the powers, functions and duties of the bantu representative recognized and appointed under article 4. The Bantu Autonomy Promotion Act of 1959 referred to reserves as “homelands” or Bantustans, in which only certain ethnic groups should have residency rights.

Later, the Bantu Citizenship Act 1970 defined blacks living throughout South Africa as legal citizens of their home country who were for. For example, if a black man or woman was of Zulu origin, he was asked to go to KwaZulu, the Bantustan for the Zulus. A total of ten countries of origin have been established in South Africa. These were Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Ciskei, Venda, Gazankulu, KaNgwane, KwaNdebele, KwaZulu, Lebowa and QwaQwa. Countries of origin were designed for specific ethnic groups. For example, two homelands of Ciskei and Transkei were created only for the Xhosa, while Bophuthatswana was created only for the Tswana, KwaZulu only for the Zulu, Lebowa for the Pedi and Ndebele of the North, Venda only for Vendas, Gazankulu for Shangaan and Tsonga, and Qwa Qwa for Basothos. The South African or Bantustan homelands ceased to exist on 27 April 1994 and were reintegrated into the nine new provinces of a democratic South Africa.